Tag Archives: Perceiver

The Fifth Law of Identity

6 Jul

So far we have considered many things. Until now we have considered only one Perceiver and attributed only one Point of View to that Perceiver.

 

Humans are the only intelligent species we know about that is able to actively consider Points of View of Others, either other humans or other intelligences. This is a valuable ability that should be tended and cultivated. It increases one’s ability to solve problems, achieve greater understanding, and increases creativity.

 

But here we get into a real tangle.

 

How many Points of View do we have and do we pick it or does it pick us?

 

Logically A = A and there is only one Point of View.

 

Mapologically  An /T-> In /T <- Pn.

 

We need the T (Time) in our formula because Timing is often important to P.

Farmer George waits for the fruit to be ripe enough to pick.

Courting George must wait until the girl is old enough to marry.

Fisherman George throws back all that are too small.

Historian George wants to save the tree because it is so old it is a part of history.

Thus Time plays a part in our Point of View.

 

A/T =  A  A becomes A when A is ripe enough to be A.

A/T ≠  A   A ceases to be A when A is overripe, old, and rotten.

 

But…

 

Not everyone sees a banana as being ripe at the same stage.

 

Some people like their bananas firm and almost green: Others like them soft with brown spots on them.

 

Cooks who only eat firm bananas will wait until they are soft to make banana bread with them.

 

Therefore a Cooks perspective changes with whether they are going to eat the banana or cook the banana.

 

Thus

A = DA/T -> Iu/T0-n <- P

 

A is A.

DA/T is the difference in A over Time.

I is the Identity of A as Perceived and Processed by P.

Iu is the usefulness of that Identity as Perceived by P.

/T0-n is the length of Time A is Perceived as being useful for a specific purpose by P.

In English:

 

A is only A over the length of Time George Perceives of A as being useful.

 

At all other times A ≠ A.

 

But if we are going to discuss the fifth law of Identity, then we also have to discuss a phenomena called Pareidolia.

 

What is Pareidolia?

 

It is that wonderfully creative process that allows you to lay on the grass, look up at the sky, and see all kinds of pictures, creatures, things, etc. Or the stars. Those pictures aren’t really there. Our minds are able to recognize patterns in random events. This is an advantage for us. We can take the night sky, look at the random array of stars there, and create constellations in our minds. Cassiopeia and Orion do not exist until we look at them and identify them. Once done we can organize, study, and use the night sky to guide us home.

It doesn’t just happen with things that we see. In Lady Chaterley’s Lover, D. H. Lawrence has her attempting to understand what the windshield wipers are saying. I believe this apparently “non-episode” episode is more important to the story than is generally supposed.

Pareidolia enhances our lives with art and creativity of all kinds.

 

But:

 

Pareidolia has a negative side.

While it grants us creativity and gives us superior problem solving skills, it also allows us to delude ourselves and allows others to delude us when we are not self aware enough to realize what mental tools we are using when.

When we convince ourselves, or allow others to convince us, that random static on the radio or TV is in fact spirits of the dead trying to contact us — We have carried our wonderful gift of Pareidolia a bit too far.

Pareidolia is creative.

Pareidolia is NOT proof.

 

Add Confirmation Bias and you have Delusion.

 

I’m not going to go into a lot of detail here, there should be no need to. This is the day and age of computers. Even if you are not reading the blogged version you should have one handy.

Use it.

Research anything that interests or confuses you.

 

A/T -> I/T <- P/T

 

A over Time produces an Identity over Time that is Perceived and Processed by P over time even though A is a random series of events that have no innate meaning.

 

So. The Fifth Law of Identity explores the POV, or Point of View of P.

 

In order to apply this law we must first be aware there are always more POV’s than we are aware of. (Don’t bother to point out I just split an infinitive. I am a native speaker of English — Not Latin.) Or more specifically, I have a different POV of Grammar.

Which points out the First POV we have to be aware of is our own.

My POV regarding Grammar is that the subject needs to be revised until all rules, not just some, make sense and serve a worthwhile purpose.

We have to be aware of the POV’s of others.

I am aware there are people whose POV will discount everything I ever say based on my use of Grammar. After all how can anyone who refuses to dedicate himself to observing all the rules of Grammar, even the most idiotic, have anything worth while to say about reason?

And I have to be aware that my POV could be wrong.

And I have to be aware their POV could be right.

And I need to be aware that BOTH could be either wrong or right.

Now toss in the factor that whether either of us is either right or wrong may depend on factors neither one of us have any control over, and that the correctness or incorrectness may be fleeting, and you have something to wrap your mind around.

 

The Map Is Not the Territory.

 

A better set of questions might be:

 

When and where:

am I right?

am I wrong?

are they right?

are they wrong?

are we both right?

are we both wrong?

 

The best answer might be:

Depends on the audience.

 

And now we have to add:

 

Belief.

 

A <- P

 

Where P perceives and processes.

 

To Perceive an Apple and to Process all the data at hand to define it as a “ripe” apple, that is one ready to eat, is one thing. This is a conclusion. Conclusions are to be tested.

We may call a Conclusion a provisional belief. A conclusion is subject to substantiation, and when proven incorrect, can be changed.

A belief, on the other hand, is an investment of one’s own identity in a conclusion.

 

So now we must extend our poor little A = A equation further.

 

A = DRip/T ->DQn/T  = I (EE) <- P -> B -> FAR

 

Let’s simple it down:

 

A -> I <- P -> B -> FAR

 

Where A produces an Identity that P not only perceives and processes but forms Conclusions and Beliefs about. These Beliefs dictate FAR = Future Actions and Reactions.

 

Let’s continue.

 

B can be an Idea, a Theory, a Conclusion, a Belief, even a Delusion, or in its most extreme case, a Trigger.

 

What is a Trigger?

 

A Trigger is a reaction that has become so ingrained emotionally that it bypasses all intellectual contexts.

 

It is often induced by severe emotional trauma. I met a girl who had nearly been strangled to death. A man could not put his arm around her neck for a hug or a kiss, as is commonly done, without evoking an extreme fight reflex from her.

I met a man who as a child had been constantly yelled at and punished by his parents for slamming the door shut. One day he slammed his way out of the house — Just as a severe earthquake struck collapsing the house and burying his parents inside. To this day he has a hard time closing a door, let alone slamming it.

But a Trigger can be induced with less trauma over longer time.

I knew a man whose father taught him to spit every time he passed a Synagogue. Even though he disowned the teachings of his father toward all things Jewish — His mouth still watered every time he passed a Synagogue.

My late wife was a diabetic. She took insulin. A friend, who was an ex-addict, could not watch her take insulin because of the overwhelming desire it caused in her to go back to her old ways.

I’ve known several women whose mother’s potty trained them using running water. These women could not be around running water without wanting to go to the bathroom.

During the cold war the word “Communist” evoked a Mass Trigger Effect.

 

What is a Trigger?

 

Any emotional reaction that bypasses all critical thinking. Especially if it is disadvantageous in the current situation.

 

Not all triggers are simple.

Rituals, both simple and complex, are often used by individuals and societies as triggers to certain types of action.

 

Not all triggers are erroneous.

 

A boxer enters a frame of mind when he puts on gloves and enters a ring. This triggers a certain type of behavior. When the opponent raises his hand the boxer will likely strike.

The same person would not be likely to strike someone at a party who raises their hand to their chin.

The trigger was not present.

 

Thus:

 

A -> I <- P -> B -> FAR

 

Means that we must always question each step along the way.

 

The Identity we Perceive is not A, it is the amalgamation thereof. We tend to treat this Identity as though it were the Territory itself, even though it is not. Our Perceptions are limited, our ability to Process the information is limited, yet we develop beliefs and belief systems based on them. These in turn produce Future Actions and Reactions that are often so instantaneous there is not perceptible time lag.

 

Thus Time is a factor in FAR:

 

A -> I <- P -> B -> FAR/T

 

Knowing this a Map Thinker must ask questions at all five stages of A.

 

But first: The /T is not quite complete.

 

We need a superscript t for “trigger”.

 

A trigger is something that triggers a reaction. We can never be quite sure what that trigger might be or when it will go off. We can give pretty good guesses based on probabilities of large populations or on intimate knowledge of an individual or culture.

I knew a lot about triggers before I ever heard of one.

 

I read a Science Fiction story once about ( I think ) an alien who could read minds. Some very very intelligent people tried to outsmart him, but alas he always knew what they were thinking so nothing they tried worked.

Then the Mind Reader gave an order to a man who was not all that smart.

The man hit the mind reader, knocked him cold. Everyone was then able to jump in and hog tie the Mind Reader.

The reason the man won was because he did NOT think. He reacted instantly. What the Mind Reader said to him caused a Trigger to react. The Trigger was to hit, hit now, and hit fast. Without thought, without plan.

 

I dated a girl who would not allow anyone to put their hand or arm around her neck because someone had tried to strangle her. This had so traumatized her that putting an arm around her neck sent her into a violent panic reaction.

 

On the other extreme when I was a bartender I came across a woman. People who had known her for years had no clue she had ever been pregnant.

Until one day she saw some women putting their children on the school bus for the first time. And she realized that had her baby lived it would now be six years old and would attend kindergarten.

She had a complete breakdown at the bar.

Six years before she had had an abortion. She had not mentioned it. She had not thought about it. She had had no emotional reaction to it.

Until that day, when it hit her.

She had killed her baby.

And if she had not she would be putting it on the school bus for the first time today.

 

A trigger does not have to be complex or dramatic.

 

It can be as simple as suddenly realizing what your mother meant when she said “Don’t be Walter Mitty.” too you.

 

So now we have:

 

A -> I <- P -> B -> FAR/Tt.

(c) 2013 All Rights Reserved

 

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The Third Law of Identity

22 Jun

The First and Second Laws of Identity primarily concern those things that are most concrete. Things you can see, taste, touch, smell, and hear.

Assuming you have all five of those senses.

You may not.

Even if you do those senses may be atypical and you not even realize it. I know of a person who went to the eye doctor because their vision had deteriorated. The doctor was confused, the person had 20/20 vision.

Going through older medical records from prior eye doctors revealed when the person was young they had 15/15 vision.

20/20 seemed poor by comparison.

 

The Third Law of Identity deals with A as Action.

Verbs.

At some point we quit just identifying things and begin to notice those things are doing something. It is the first step in discovering that Reality is a series of Interacting Relationships, not just static objects that sit around waiting for you to observe them.

 

To say A = A when speaking of eating makes no sense.

 

AT -> Ch <- P

 

When A is an Action over Time it Produces a Change that can be Observed by P.

 

The Change can be Place or Composition or even something else.

 

When eating the primary change is in composition. The apple has changed position, but it has changed composition even more.

When running the primary change is in position. However the composition of the runner has changed slightly as well. The runner is sweating, breathing deeply, possibly panting, etc.

Even sitting still and meditating produces change even though it is difficult to observe without instruments.

 

AT -> D = (Dc Dt Dp) = Dctp <- P

 

An Action over Time produces Change which amounts to a Difference in Composition, Time, and / or Place.

 

Okay. Lets go back to the First Law of Identity:

 

An = Rn = (RsiRpi )n = Ripn ->  Qn = I  <- Pn

 

You will notice that as you add T Time the recipe will change. The degree of change may or may not be perceptible to The Perceiver. 

 Thus all A’s A0..A act as verbs no matter how static they appear to be to any given Perceiver. In fact in order to understand A we have to revise the formula to include T Time.

 

An =  Ripn ->  Qn = I  <- Pn

 

AnTn = RipnTn  -> QnTn =  ITn <- PTn

 

In simple english the Recipe of Anything changes over Time altering the Qualities received by the Perceiver ( Who has also changed over Time). Whether the receiver Perceives the changes or not is a different matter. 

 

We can expand, contract, or manipulate these formulas in any what that is useful. For now the simplest expression of A = A for a modern Map Thinker is:

 

AT <- PT

 

Any thing over Time that is received by the Perceiver over Time recognizing that both have changed to some degree over any given interval. 

 

The Second Law of Identity

15 Jun

We start with the simplest form of the First Law of Identity as applied to objects in the real world, such as a dog, a tree, a river.

A <- P

Then:

AnT -> (A1…A) = C <- P

Where Significant Variations of A over T(ime) becomes a Group Category. A Concept of A’ness as viewed by the Perceiver.

Or:

Once enough examples of A have been observed A’ness becomes a  mental concept so that the next time the Perceiver encounters the next A they will perceive it as an A: That is it belongs to the Category A. Even though there is a wide difference between the New A and its predecessors.

In simpler language:

Once you have seen a Chihuahua, a Cocker Spaniel, and a German Shepherd,  you are pretty certain to be able to recognize a Great Dane as a dog even though you have never seen one before.

Like all things dealing with the mind this does not work perfectly.

If you have seen enough sheep to recognize a sheep you might think a goat is a sheep until you learn differently.

Also a thing can belong to more than one grouping. Thus a whale legitimately belongs with fish as things that swim in the sea and also as a mammal that nurses the young.

Words play a part in this.

Let us go back again to childhood to see how the next problem of Identity begins. I will call it the first step in Map Fragmentation™. It is normally done by a person with a minimal understanding of Reason who considers themselves a “logical” person swinging Aristotle’s Hammer™.

I can remember looking out the window of a bus and pointing at a big red truck with all the bright lights and loud noise. “Look mommy. A truck.”

My mother explained, “Honey, that kind of a truck is called a Fire Engine.”

A simple enough exchange, you would think.

Until I heard the father of a friend of mine tell his son, “That is not a truck. That is a Fire Engine.”

When I tried to explain it was a truck, just a different kind of truck, the father instructed me that I should inform my mother to get married so I could be raised like a real man instead of like a whimpering sissy.

What I took away from that was pure happiness that I did not have a father around who would act like that, and a profound fear my mother might someday get married and I would have to deal with someone like him. What I get out of it today is that what adults think they are teaching children and what the children are learning have nothing to do with each other.

What I also gathered was that to be a “Real Man” in The United States in 1950 meant to have an unwavering opinion and NEVER show any uncertainty, hesitation, or doubt.

What happened is the father used Aristotle’s Hammer™ to fragment his son’s map.

A (Fire Engine) is A (Fire Engine). Therefore it is not a truck.

A (Fire Engine) is not both A (Fire Engine) and Not A (Fire Engine). Therefore it cannot be both a Fire Engine and a Truck.

A (Fire Engine) is either A (Fire Engine) or Not A (Fire Engine). Therefore if it is a Fire Engine it is not a truck.

This type of reasoning not only fragments a person’s map, which is the way they navigate through reality, it does serious damage to their mental and emotional states as well. It makes it difficult for the person to make the connections necessary to maintain mental and emotional wellness.

The child’s ability to group things into a sensible Map or Model of the Universe has been seriously ruptured with Pseudo-Logic.

It may not matter if this only happens once, or twice, but you can bet the father will have a lot more subjects to apply Aristotle’s Hammer™ to. It would help if the schools somehow countered the process of Map Fragmentation™ but unfortunately they have entire text books devoted to Map Fragmentation™ rather than Map Creation.

For example small children are given books that help them identify cars, trucks, and airplanes. Cats, dogs, cows, etc. It is only later they are taught that cars and trucks are vehicles, and they may never be told that an airplane is also a vehicle. Somewhere, when they are old enough they will be told that cats, dogs, cows, and OMG even humans, are mammals.

I have been given several reasons why children are taught this way, each one (to me) appearing stupider than the last.

What it amounts to is that instead of giving the children connected maps of reality; the maps they would build if left alone; are fragmented in the name of Education using Aristotle’s Hammer™.

Most people…Eventually… Construct completed maps subconsciously on their own.

However certain institutions, such as the military, us an Aristotle’s Hammer to a power Thor would envy.

Some navy people get apoplectic if you call one of their ships a “boat”. Sorry, bud. A ship is just a big boat. A canoe is a tiny boat. In the real world, in spite of Aristotle, there is no distinct demarcation that makes a ship something separate from all other floating devices.

An army man once told me of a harrowing experience when he referred to his rifle as a “gun”.

He was forced to stand for what seemed like hours

First shaking his rifle while shouting, “This is my weapon.”

Then shaking his crotch while shouting, “This is my gun.”

Shaking his rifle again while shouting, “This is for fighting.”

Shaking his crotch again while shouting, “This is for fun.”

A penis is not a gun. A rifle is a gun. A gun is a weapon.

But then disassociation is supposed to be helpful in the military. They are, or were, taught to think of the person they were shooting at as a target, not a living breathing human being.

However:

Sooner or later the soldier comes face to face with the fact the target they shot was a living breathing human being.

That is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder served raw.

The Second Law of Identity is the conceptual recognition of groups of things in addition to recognition of individual things. The way an intelligence, any intelligence, recognizes the next example of a thing as belonging to a known group of recognized things.

The Second Law of Identity is necessary because the recognition of groups of things, and the connections between groups of things, is just as necessary to the thinking process as recognition of an individual thing.

To carry it one step further:

AnT + A+nT + ∞Tn -> EnT <- P

Where AnT is any group of things, say dogs and A+nT is any other group of things, say cats, and the two of them become an Extended group called pets.

We arrive at something very much like a Venn Diagram where cats and dogs are pets while mountain lions and wolves are wild creatures.

Except that wolves can be made into pets and lions cannot except in Texas.

Time to move on to the 3rd Law of Identity.

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